Farmers represent 80 percent of the rural poor population in Tanzania. They depend on agriculture, mainly mixed farming, by rearing livestock and cultivating land. A majority of them relies on polluting firewood and expensive fossil fuel as their main energy source for cooking and lighting. The goal of the Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme (TDBP)is the promotion, dissemination and increased adoption of domestic biogas as a local sustainable energy source. Cooking on biogas is fast and smokeless. It improves indoor air quality, which in turn has positive health impacts especially on women and children.
The TDBP programme is a component of the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP). It is a partnership between the Dutch government, Hivos and SNV Netherlands Development Organization, in support of national programmes in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Burkina Faso. Hivos acts as the fund and programme manager. The programme started in 2009, and over 13,500 biodigesters have been installed by 2017. To develop a commercially viable, market-oriented biogas sector, the programme works in close collaboration with an extensive construction partner network. This has made it possible to reach disparate regions and rural communities.
Initially, most Tanzanian farmers take an interest in biogas primarily as a source of cheap and clean fuel. The programme builds the capacity of biodigester users to benefit from the full range of biogas technology through various training sessions. Use of bioslurry has improved their agriculture production and provided savings thanks to reduced purchases of chemical fertilizers, thereby increasing household incomes levels.
In the sales of Tanzania carbon credits, Hivos partners with Climate Neutral Group.
Facts & Figures
Main partner: Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme (TDBP)
Start of the programme: 2009
Results to December 2016:
- 13,500 smoke-free kitchens
- 80,500 direct beneficiaries
- 218,600 tCO2 reduced
- 62,000 ton of wood saved
- 2,400 digester connected toilets
- 6,500 productive slurry users
- 47 private enterprises / 200 masons