The Indonesia Domestic Biogas Programme (IDBP) is called the BIRU programme in Indonesia. BIRU means ‘blue’ and is an acronym of Biogas Rumah, which translates as ‘biogas for the home’. The BIRU programme is implemented by Hivos, working closely with the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the SNV (Netherlands Development Organization). The first phase (2009-2012) was funded by the Dutch Embassy in Indonesia. Currently the programme focuses on ten provinces, and by the end of 2015 over 15000 biodigesters were in operation across the country.
Domestic biodigesters provide a way for individual households with lifestock to reduce their dependence on polluting firewood and expensive fossil fuels. Cooking on biogas is fast and smokeless, therefore improving the health of especially women and children. The BIRU programme distributes biogas digesters as a local sustainable energy source by developing a commercial, market-oriented sector for them. That provides business opportunities for construction organizations, as well as training and employment for masons.
Cooperation with the private sector
Cooperation with the private sector is one of the key factors behind the success of the programme. In Indonesia, dairy cooperatives play a significant role at the domestic biogas markets. They are better able to reach farmers, and many of them have access to funds (e.g. from Nestlé and the Rabobank Foundation) to support farmers with biogas credit. The programme provides a flat subsidy (investment incentive) per digester, benefiting poorer farmers more than better off farmers.
To endorse its positive social and economic benefits for women, in 2015 the programme acquired W+ Standard, a unique label developed by WOCAN to measure women’s empowerment. Hivos commissioned the WOCAN W+ team to apply the W+ Standard in collaboration with BIRU in two provinces of Indonesia: West Nusa Tenggara and East Java. The W+ time method quantifies women-benefit as daily saved time of 61minutes.
In the sales of Indonesia carbon credits Hivos partners with myclimate.
Facts & Figures
- 177,554 tons of CO2 emission reduction (2011 – 2016)
- 19,974 biodigesters constructed (2009 – 2016)
- 60 minutes daily time saving per household (certified by W+ Standard)
- 16,977 households use bioslurry as fertilizer (2011 – 2016)
- 838 households sell bioslurry on the market (2017)
- 1377 certified masons (2017)
- 60 construction partners in 2016-2017 (11 cooperatives, 21 NGOs, 28 SMEs) (2016 – 2017)
- 2,970 jobs created including 1,502 direct jobs (2017)
- 40% women actively involved in biogas decision-making and maximizing of benefits (2017)