In 2006, the Cambodian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and SNV Netherlands Development Organization joined to establish the Cambodian National Biogas Programme (NBP) to create an indigenous, sustainable energy source in Cambodia by utilizing biogas. Domestic bio digesters provide a way for individual households with lifestock to reduce their dependence on polluting firewood and expensive fossil fuels for cooking and lighting. Hivos supports the programme by facilitating the monitoring and verification of greenhouse gas emission reductions and marketing its carbon credits.
A clean renewable fuel
The benefits of biogas are two-fold: it provides a source of clean renewable fuel and an organic fertilizer (bioslurry) to be used to improve crop yields, thus leading to greater produce income. Cooking on biogas is fast and smokeless. It eliminates the need to spend time on collecting firewood and improves the health of users, especially women and children. In addition, the programme offers extensive vocational training and skills development for biogas masons and creates employment opportunities to a wide range of stakeholders across the supply chain.
Creating a biogas sector
The NBP programme aims to develop a self-sustaining, market driven national domestic biodigester sector. It is establishing independent enterprises in rural areas and building their capacity on promotion, construction, internal quality control and aftersales services. By the end of 2017, over 26,500 biodigesters have been constructed in fifteen different provinces. An important success factor is a special biogas loan made available through three nationally operating microfinance institutions. Over 70% of households take up this loan to finance their bio digester. They generally pay it back within two years.
Facts & Figures
Main partner: Cambodian National Biogas Programme (NBP)
Start of the programme: 2006
Results to December 2017:
- 26.585 biodigesters constructed between March 2006 and December 2017
- 98.976 direct beneficiaries
- 79,4% of biodigesters still operational / i.e. 21.000 smoke-free kitchens
- 5,05 tCO2 reduced on average per digester per year
- 656.000 tCO2 reduced between May 2009 and December 2017
- Biogas kitchen air pollution reduced with 88% (Particulate Matter 2.5), exposure levels down with 36%
- 29,5 averted deaths and 1,442 averted Disability Adjusted Life Years (ADALYs) realized from 2006 to 2014, with projection of 51 averted deaths and 2,519 ADALYs up to 2020
- 229.600 ton of wood saved since the start of the project
- 20.289 households use bioslurry as fertilizer as of December 2017
- 3.023 biodigester-connected toilets as of December 2017
- $143,52 USD saved per household per year in cooking fuel expenditures
- 117 minutes daily time saving per household
- 106 private enterprises (BCCs) established of which 52 active
- 799 trained masons (2006-2017) of whom 77 active
- 149 trained supervisors / 229 sales agents